Hill rode towards the men, taking them to be British, shouting to stop firing. The KGL comprised both cavalry and infantry regiments. Infantry, Light Infantry and Hussar of the King’s German Legion: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by Charles Hamilton Smith. Commander-in-Chief of the Anglo-Spanish Army: Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Wellesley, Commander-in-Chief: Lieutenant General The Rt Hon Sir Arthur Wellesley KB, Total Anglo-Spanish forces: 52,735, 66 guns, Commander-in-Chief: Lieutenant General Don Gregorio Garcia de la Cuesta y Fernández de Celis, Captain-General of Castilla, Spanish cavalry units ending in a number (Nr.) The musket could be fired at three or four times a minute, throwing a heavy ball inaccurately for a hundred metres or so. The Battle of Talavera ( 27–28 July 1809) was a battle fought some 120 kilometers southwest of Madrid, Spain in the Peninsular War.. At Talavera an Anglo-Spanish army under Sir Arthur Wellesley combined with a Spanish army under General Cuesta in operations against French-occupied Madrid. The French assault, comprising the 24th and the 96th, but not the 9th Light, which was directed along the level ground, fell on Stewart’s Brigade. Joseph’s chief of staff, Jourdan, was against another attack, urging the danger that the Spanish might advance and force their way through the French army, driving it north into the mountains and leaving the road to Madrid open to the Spanish and British. The battle of Talavera of 27-28 July 1809 was the first of Sir Arthur Wellesley’s great victories in Spain during the Peninsular War. Wellesley intended to attack Victor on 23rd July 1809, before he could be reinforced by Joseph’s reserve force from Madrid, but Cuesta failed to co-operate. Book your escape today! The moment was critical for Wellesley’s army. A discussion took place as to the next move for the French army. This in turn triggered Napoleon’s order that a paramount aim for the French armies was to deal a decisive defeat to the British and thereby end their meddling in the Spanish Peninsula. 7 (Oman only), Borbón Cavalry Regiment Nr. On 11th July 1809, Wellesley and Cuesta had a difficult four-hour conference to work out a plan of campaign. Napoleon exploited the advances in gunnery techniques of the last years of the French Ancien Régime to create his powerful and highly mobile artillery. Talavera has been obscured in the historical record by later battles in the Peninsular War, but Field's painstaking narrative explains why the battle is worthy of examination. Cotton’s Brigade (14th and 16th Light Dragoons) launched a charge into the left flank of Sebastiani’s division and the whole of the French centre began to fall back. Map of the Main French Attack at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: map by John Fawkes. Campbell kept his battalions under strict control and halted the pursuit, bringing them back into the original line, spiking the abandoned guns on the way. The 25th Regiment suffered 320 casualties out of a compliment of 800. Map of Victor’s night attack on 27th July 1809 at the Battle of Talavera on 27th/28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: map by John Fawkes. French casualties were heavier. The British and KGL lost 5,363 men killed, wounded or captured. Events soon compelled Wellesley, who was soon appointed Viscount Wellington, to fall back toward his base in Portugal. The German regiment receiving the discharges of grape gave way and ran back. The French gave way in confusion and were pushed back across the Portina Brook. With the French driven back, the British infantry were able to march to the main line, covered by the cavalry brigades of Anson, Cotton and Fane, but under a heavy fire from French horse artillery. The Battle of Talavera (27–28 July 1809) saw an Imperial French army under King Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan attack a combined British and Spanish army led by Sir Arthur Wellesley. During the night, Victor received information that Wellesley was seeking to march around his right flank. The 31st Regiment suffered 260 casualties out of a compliment of 730. 2 guns were also positioned on a northern spur of the Cerro de Medellin. The Battle of Albuera almost resulted in defeat for the allied armies, but ended largely inconclusively with terrible losses on both sides. Regular units titled Cavalry are heavy cavalry while units titled Cazadores are light cavalry. Due to faulty orders, the King’s German Legion Brigade marched away to the west, having to be recalled and directed to its designated position as darkness fell. Victor again assigned the main assault to Ruffin’s battered division, presumably on the basis that it was in the correct position and it would take time and be risky to move it out of the way and replace it with one of his other two divisions. Wellesley was concerned about his left flank and wanted Cuesta to detach a substantial force to occupy the passes over the mountains on his left, not wishing to use British troops. The divisions of Ruffin and Villatte fell back. Each infantryman carried a bayonet for hand-to-hand fighting, which fitted the muzzle end of his musket. A further 7 of Leval’s guns were captured by Campbell’s troops. At Torrijos, the French cavalry came up with the Spanish rearguard of Zayas’ infantry division and two regiments of cavalry. Cazadores (Cazadores Espanolas de la Guardia) Infantry 1. At 5am on 28th July 1809, a single gun fired from the Cerro de Cascajal to signal the beginning of the French attack, followed by a barrage from all the guns on the Cerro at the British troops holding the Cerro de Medellin. Size of the armies at the Battle of Talavera: 16,500 British and Germans with 35,000 Spanish against 45,000 French. The French foot artillery wore uniforms similar to the infantry, the horse artillery wore hussar uniforms. The French troopers dismounted and awaited the Spanish were great calm. The Battle of Talavera de la Reina was fought on 3 September 1936 in the Spanish Civil War. Attack by Anson’s Light Cavalry Brigade at the Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809. This was not the case. With Portugal liberated, Wellington turned his attention to Spain, and planned a joint operation with a Spanish army under General Cuesta. KP128) Truce during Battle of Talavera Spain Napoleonic Wars 1885 Engraving. The German and Foot Guards brigades were bundled back across the Portina Brook by the triumphant French infantry. While the total Spanish and British army outnumbered the French by 55,000 to 45,000, the French troops facing the British section of the line numbered 30,000 against 16,500 British and German troops, with a substantially heavier and more numerous artillery. These men were liberated when Victor captured the British hospital on 6th August 1809. Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War: picture by JJ Jenkins. The city originated as the Roman Caesarobriga and was conquered by King Alfonso VI in 1082. This report turned out to be untrue, but it was now 6pm and it seemed clear that the attacks had all failed. The 23rd lost 207 killed, wounded or missing, with 224 horses lost, from a total strength of 480. On finding that the concentrated French army amounted to 40,000 men, Cuesta began to fall back. At around 8.30am, the cannonade ceased and officers and soldiers of both sides wandered down to the Portina Brook to drink the muddy water, mingle and gossip. They marched up the Tagus valley to Talavera, some 120 km southwest of Madrid. The next battle of the Peninsular War is the Battle of Usagre Marshal Victor: Battle of Talavera on 28th July 1809 in the Peninsular War. Victor declared that if Joseph could hold the Spanish troops, he would storm the Cerro de Medellin with the three divisions of his corps. The brigades of Stewart and Tilson fell back behind the crest of the Cerro de Medellin, as Rettberg’s battery struggled to return the French cannonade. The British rifle battalions (60th and 95th Rifles) carried the Baker rifle, a more accurate weapon but slower to fire, and a sword bayonet. 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