Jute became an important export from the countries that produced it. Year of publication: 1928. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. Unlike the Aucland mill, it started prospering after its establishment. Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. It is widely found in tropical and subtropical areas from Asia to Africa appreciated as food and for its strong fiber. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. The History of Jute. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. n. A member of a Germanic people who invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries ad and settled in the south and southeast and on the Isle of Wight. Jute mills incurred losses regularly over years and external donor agencies pressed hard for denationalization. a plant fiber used in making rope or sacks, a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons. 1. The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. The same mills incurred total losses of about Tk 430 million in the previous year. First of all the ratio of land under jute cultivation to total cropped land in these districts in 1872 was 14%, 11%, 9%, 7%, 6% and 5% respectively. As a result, peasants greatly reduced their area under jute cultivation. We appreciate the impact a good book can have. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not In order to understand the current state of affairs in the industry, one must look into the background of the jute industry and the events that took place over the last several decades. In Northern Sudan it is called khudra, meaning "green" in Sudanese Arabic. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. It is believed it was produced during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC--220 AD). Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. The Jutes , Iuti, or Iutæ (Danish: Jyde, Old English: Ēotas) were one of the Anglo-Saxon tribes who settled in England after the departure of the Romans. See more. Jute is obtained from the plants Corchorus Olitorius and Corchorus Capsularis. History. The Jutes have no recorded history on the European continent, but there is considerable evidence that their home was in the Scandinavian area (probably Jutland) and that those who did not migrate were later absorbed by the Danes. The raw jute for the industry used to come from Eastern Bengal. Inspired by the centuries old unchanged Ibizan architecture and rural landscape. Bengalis generally occupied only the intermediate position in the industry. Jute was used for many years by the people of India, but in small quantities for products such as rope and paper. Therefore, jute fibers are among the longest natural textile fibers in the world. Of ORIGIN originates out of the Ibizan campo (countryside). TOTAL :         5,35,878          3139. The valuation process and settlement of other organizational matters relating to handing over of the mills took a long time. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Subsequently, jute cultivation spread to other districts. In 1855 Calcutta became the site of the first jute mill in India… However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. It is a natural fiber comprised with silky and golden shine. In 1914, leading districts in terms of the above ratio were Rangpur (28 %,) Bogra (25%), Tippera (comilla, 24%), Pabna (21%), Dhaka (18%), Faridpur (16%), Hughli (West Bengal, 13%), Rajshahi (11%), Jessore (10%), Nadia (10%), and Dinajpur (7%). 3. Thus, Bengal experienced a real boom in jute industry towards the end of the nineteenth century. 21.00 Lac bales  (0.37 Million Ton  1000 Cr. Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. The Chinese used jute, among other natural materials, for making paper. Calcutta appeared to be a strong competitor of Dundee and successfully penetrated into Dundee’s hessian market in many parts of the world, including America, primarily because Calcutta had the cost advantage in producing jute goods. History Of Braided Rugs. In the mid-1500s to early 1600s, the poor rural people of India handmade their jut e clothing, rope, twine, and macramé hangers. If you are looking for a comfortable “welcoming” feel in your house, then a braided rug would be the right addition to your home décor. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. By 1939, economic recovery took place. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. Pros and Cons of Jute Rugs. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Among the jute mills owned by BJMC, 46 had satisfactory financial performance in 1982-83, when their profit before contribution to national exchequer was about Tk 240 million. It dates as far back as the Mughal rule in India State where villager wore clothes made out of jute. It is eaten with starchy foods like ugali, a staple for most communities in Kenya. The Jutes are believed to have originated from what is now the Jutland Peninsula (called Iutum in Latin) and part of the North Frisian coast, consisting of the mainland of Denmark, Southern Schleswig and North Frisia (Germany).. JUTE 2. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). The Songhai people of … Denationalization of jute mills started in July 1982. Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central … Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. According to Bede, they were one of the three most powerful Germanic nations. The History of Jute The heart of the Jute trade is in Bangladesh and West Bengal, due to its naturally fertile soil. The name is related to Old Norse Iotar. Between 1868 and 1873, these mills made large profits. The prices sank so low that jute growing became unprofitable. Jute Bags | Jute Sack | Jute Yarn | Jute Fabrics | Raw Jute Fiber | Jute Industry, Jute Sack Manufacturer & Exporter | Wholesale Jute Gunny Bags – Asia Jute, Unique Trade Center Panthapath, Kawranbazar, Dhaka - 1215, 58   Lac bales     (1.04  Million   Ton. The Romance of Jute. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. The World Bank continued to work closely with the government to restructure the jute sector, especially through denationalization, merger, dissolution, closure and setting up of new units. Thirdly, it had cheap labour. Jute is known as the Golden fiber of Bangladesh. About 15 million farmers are involving in growing this cash crop and several million more of our population, perhaps an equal number, are involving with its processing, transportation, conversion, etc. – hereof, in part along with the style of design, the name Of ORIGIN. Since we respect your right to privacy, you can choose not to permit data collection from certain types of services. Fourthly, the mills ran for 15 to 16 hours, and sometimes even for 22 hours daily. In 1838, the Dutch government specified bags made of jute instead of flax for carrying coffee from the East Indies. Tk. The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Plant. jute (n.) name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. Prior to the establishment of the first jute mill in 1855, handloom weavers used jute fiber to make twines, ropes, coarse fabrics for the poor, and also for fishing and for mooring vessels. This led to a clear advantage of Calcutta manufacturers in monetary terms. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. jute (jo͞ot), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. Several historical events were responsible for the growth of the jute industry. Jute has been grown in the Bengal area of India (and of present-day Bangladesh) from ancient times. BJSA Mills       20,000 M. Tons (yarn/twine), BJSA Bangladesh Jute Spinners Association (Private Sector). The American Civil War (1861-65), on the other hand, gave further impetus to the jute trade, as supplies of American cotton were much restricted. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). The jute fibers are mainly concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Five new companies started in 1874 and 8 more in 1875. Jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an edible leafy vegetable which is a member of genus Corchorus classified under the subfamily Grewioideae of the family Malvaceae. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. Attracted by the easy availability of power, George Auckland, an Englishman established the first jute mill. This had a negative impact on the area under jute cultivation. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. Major jute growing countries are India, Pakistan and Bangladesh accounting for 90 per cent of the global production. What does jute mean? It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. The Jutes were a Germanic people who are believed to have come from Jutland (called Iutum in Latin) in modern Denmark inclusive Southern Schleswig in Northern Germany and part of the Frisian coast. What is jute’s origin and history? It is one of the most cheapest and economical vegetable fiber after cotton, obtained from the skin or bast of plant’s stem. Jute has a long history of use in the sackings, carpets, wrapping fabrics (cotton bale), and construction fabric manufacturing industry. The breaking out of the Second World War caused an increase in the demand for jute and between 1939 and 1945; peasants put more areas under jute cultivation. Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and … Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. Jute in india 1. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Chinese papermakers selected plants like hemp, silk, jute, and cotton for papermaking. Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). Jute definition, a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. Many of the modern surnames in the dictionary can be traced back to Britain and Ireland. These plants are native to the Indian subcontinent and are grown throughout the year. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. A Short History of the Calcutta Jute Mill Industry, 1855-1927. With the establishment of jute mills, Bengal became a major exporter of sacking bags. BJSA  Mills      3,42,195           2014 The Jutes invaded and settled in southern Britain in the late fourth century during the Migration period, as part of a larger wave of Germanic settlement in Britain. This made the fiber more pliable and easily separable, and resulted in the production of a usable thread. Title: The Romance of Jute. Historical documents dating to the period of the Mughal rule in India state that the villagers used to wear clothes made of jute. During most of its history, three-quarters of the labourers in jute factories were non-Bengalis. The government offered cash subsidy to the industry, which amounted to Tk 200 million annually. But he could not make reasonable profits and left the business. ), 38   Lac bales     (0.68   Million   Ton). It comes from a plant which... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Within five years it doubled its plant size. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. However, the Crimean War of 1854-56 led to the stoppage of supply of flax from Russia and forced Dundee, the famous jute-manufacturing centre of UK, to look for substitutes. In 1999, BJMC had 33 mills. A small, piece of jute paper with Chinese characters written on it has been discovered in Dunhuang in Gansu Province, in northwest China. Origin and Distribution of Jute: The primary centre of origin of C.olitorius is Africa and the secondary centre may be India or Indo- Burma and south China. Jute rugs offer inherent natural beauty to any space in which they're used since they're made of dried plant fibers, often left in their original tan shade. Mcwilliams Jute Name Meaning Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). (noun) The history of the ‘golden fibre’ is as interesting as the fibre itself. Indians also used ropes and twines made of jute for household and other purposes. In 1859, the Bornee Company founded the second mill with spinning and weaving facilities. Braided rugs have a rich, deep rooted history. Author: D. R. Wallace. Recyclable, 100% bio degradable and eco-friendly jute has low extensibility and high tensile strength. Related: Jutish (1775). As a result jute industry of Bangladesh, the first two years after liberation was the period of reorganization. Secondly, it situation was in close proximity to the jute growing districts of Eastern Bengal and Assam. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. In sixty years between 1880 and 1940, the number of mills increased by 5 times, that of looms by about 14 times, of spindles by 19 times, and of persons employed by 11 times (see Table). The fiber obtained from these plants. Jute leaves are also consumed among the Luhya people of Western Kenya, where it is commonly known as mrenda or murere. In 1793 the East India Company brought 100 tons to Britain. Some jute was brought to Dundee, Scotland where eventually a process was designed to spin jute yarn in large volumes. Traditionally they were said to have settled in Kent and Hampshire. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Moreover, they could offer a finer quality of jute. See Jute paper from Western Han Dynasty Period from 17th century Since then, the industry did not return to flax or cotton. A member of a Germanic people that (according to Bede) joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of … Old English Eotas, Iutas (plural), one of the ancient Germanic inhabitants of Jutland, the peninsula between modern Germany and Denmark, who, with the Angles and Saxons invaded Britain in 5c.. After the end of the First World War in 1918, the world demand for raw jute decreased. Jute definition: Jute is a substance that is used to make cloth and rope. History. BJMA Mills      97,160              58 Jute is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters) tall. History. The Bengali peasants responded quickly to meet the world demand by increasing the area under jute cultivation. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in terms of quality of the jute fibers, growing habits, and the shapes of their respective seed pods. The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Learning the history behind these amazing braided home accessory will make you appreciate them a … The Jutes, along with the Angles, Saxons and Frisians, were mentioned amongst the Germanic tribes who sailed across the North Sea to raid and eventually invade Great Britain. The situation worsened for jute cultivation during the Great Depression of 1929-33. BJMC Mills     96,523              537 Jute family history, genealogy, and family tree. [From Middle English Jutes, the Jutes, from Medieval Latin Iutae, from Old English Iotas, Iutan; akin to Old English Gēat, Geat.] Definition of Jute (Entry 2 of 2) : a member of a Germanic people invading England from the Continent and settling in Kent in the fifth century Other Words from jute Example Sentences Learn More about jute Other Words from jute Thanks to this policy and periodic devaluation of currency, Bangladesh could retain its position of a prime exporter of jute goods in the dollar areas of export. BY SUNIL TALEKAR-M. SC. Over the past 25 years the Indian family behind TrueJute has been trading in and manufacturing with Jute. The British also found out means to soften the hard and brittle nature of jute fiber by adding oil and water. name of a plant fiber used in making coarse fabrics and paper, and the plant which produces it, 1746, from Bengali jhuto, ultimately from Sanskrit juta-s "twisted hair, matted hair," related to jata "braid of hair," a word of unknown origin, perhaps from a non-Indo-European language. Jute and flax are amongst the oldest fibres in the world dating back 5000 B.C. Jute plants grow to be over 10 feet high, and the fibers derived from these plants are harvested in a single long string. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. The export of raw jute from the Indian subcontinent to the Western Hemisphere began in the 1790s. They also made other items like ropes and twines from jute. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). This led to a rapid increase in the demand for jute. Jute, member of a Germanic people who, with the Angles and Saxons, invaded Britain in the 5th century ad. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone. The growth of the industry was significant during the 20 years between 1900 and 1920. HISTORY OF JUTE Jute has been used since ancient times in Africa and Asia to provide a cordage and weaving fiber from the stem and food from the leaves. Find the origins, meaning of the Jute name, photos, and more. When English traders saw the potential of the plant they began to export large quantities of it. When you visit any website, it may store or retrieve information through your browser, usually in the form of cookies. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. Lest we forget, the jute industry was the life blood of our economy for several decades and continues to be one of the mainstays of our rural economy even today.